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Aboriginal Pottery

of the Eastern United States

W. H. Holmes - 1903

2011 Reprint Edition

 Gustav's Library Vintage Reprint

Some extraordinary pottery artifacts found in the Eastern United States illustrates this in-depth study by a former director of the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology, William H. Holmes.  

This 7-3/4" x 10-3/4",  soft cover book is perfect bound, and its 581 pages include 177 single-sided, full page plates (7  full color), 79 illustrations  and a color pottery distribution map of the Eastern United States.   $27.95  

   

Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes Pot 1 Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes
Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes pot 4
Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes - pipes 1 Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes - pipes 3 picture Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States by W. H. Holmes - pipes 2
Sample Plates - click on image to enlarge

Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction
Ceramic art in human history
Aboriginal American pottery
Pottery of the eastern United States
Geographic grouping
Quantative distribution
Manner of occurrence
Chronology
Functional grouping
Classification of use
Differentiation of use
Vessels for culinary and other domestic uses
Salt-making vessels
Sugar-making vessels
Spindle whorls of clay
Musical instruments of earthenware
Various implements of earthenware
Baked-clay offering receptacles
Cement and plaster
Earthenware used in burial
Personal ornaments of earthenware
Earthenware disks and spools
Earthenware tobacco pipes
Materials
Clay
Tempering materials
Manufacture
The records
First use of clay
Shaping processes and appliances
Decorating processes
Baking processes
Processes of manufacture in present use
Manufacture by Catawba women
Manufacture by Cherokee women
Early accounts of manufacture
Size
Forms
Pottery of the eastern United States—Continued.
Color
Color of paste
Application of color
Decoration
Evolution of decoration
Methods of decorating
Relieved ornament
Intaglio ornament
Painted ornament
Use of textiles in modeling and embellishing
Relation of the textile and ceramic arts
Classes of textile markings
Use of baskets in molding and modeling
Use of pliable fabrics in modeling
Use of textiles in malleating surfaces
Use of flat cord-wrapped malleating tools
Use of cord-wrapped rocking tools
Use of cords in imprinting ornamental patterns
Various means of imitating textile characters
Pottery of the middle Mississippi valley
Geographic distribution
Ethnic considerations
Chronology
Preservation
State of culture of makers
Uses
Materials and manufacture
Surface finish
Color
Form
Range
Esthetic modifications
Animal forms
Ornament
Distinguishing characters of the group
Sources of information
Examples
Platters, cups, and bowls
Pots
Bottles
Eccentric and compound forms
Life forms
Tobacco pipes
Miscellaneous articles
Decorative designs
Painted vases
Pottery of Tennessee
Pottery of the lower Mississippi valley
Pottery of the Gulf coast
Occurrence
Mobile-Pensacola ware
Pottery of the Alabama river
Pottery of Choctawhatchee bay
Apalachicola ware
Miscellaneous specimens
Life elements in decoration
Pottery of the Florida peninsula
Historic aborigines
Chronology
Range of the ware
Materials
Manufacture
Forms
Decoration
Uses
Examples
Midden ware of the St Johns
Stamped ware of the St Johns
Engraved ware of the St Johns
Improvised mortuary ware of the St Johns
Painted ware of the St Johns
Pottery of the west coast
Animal figures
Tobacco pipes
Spanish olive jars
Pottery of South Appalachian province
Extent of the province
Prevailing types of ware
Materials and color
Form and size
Uses
Decoration
Examples
Vases
Tobacco pipes
Pottery disks
Origin of the varieties of ware
Pottery of the Middle Atlantic province
Review of the Algonquian areas
Pamlico-Albemarle ware
Piedmont Virginia ware
Potomac-Chesapeake ware
General features
Modern Pamunkey ware
Shell-heap ware of Popes creek
Potomac creek ware
District of Columbia ware
Ware of the Chesapeake and Eastern Shore
Tobacco pipes
Pottery of the Iroquoian province
The Iroquoian tribes
General characters of the ware
Materials and manufacture
Color, form, and size
Ornament—plastic, incised, and relieved
Distribution and characters of specimens
Southernmost occurrence
Lower Susquehanna pottery
Pottery of northern Pennsylvania and Mew York
Examples from New England
Canadian ware
Decorative designs
Tobacco pipes
The pipe a native product
Distribution
Material, color, and form
Pottery of the New Jersey-New England province
General characters
Delaware valley ware
New England ware
Pottery of the Apalachee-Ohio province
Ohio valley pottery
Culture groups
Miami valley ware
Salt vessels
Pottery of the Northwest
Family distinction
Rouletted and stamped ware
Cord- and textile-marked ware
Mandan pottery
Pawnee pottery
Other Northwestern pottery

Plates

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII
XXIII
XXIV
XXV
XXVI
XXVII
XXVIII
XXIX
XXX
XXXI
XXXII
XXXIII
XXXIV
XXXV
XXXVI
XXXVII
XXXVIII
XXXIX
XL
XLI
XLII
XLIII
XLIV
XLV
XLVI
XLVII
XLVIII
XLIX
L
LI
LII
LIII
LIV
LV
LVI
LVII
LVIII
LIX
LX
LXI
LXII
LXIII
LXIV
LXV
LXVI
LXVII
LXVIII
LXIX
LXX
LXXI
LXXII
LXXIII
LXXIV
LXXV
LXXVI
LXXVII
LXXVIII
LXXVIII A
LXXIX
LXXIX A
LXXIX B
LXXX
LXXXI
LXXXII
LXXXIII
LXXXIV
LXXXV
LXXXVI
LXXXVII
LXXXVIII
LXXXIX
XC
XCI
XCII
XCIII
XCIV
XCV
XCVI
XCVII
XCVIII
XCIX
C
CI
CII
CIII
CIV
CV
CVI
CVII
CVIII
CIX
CX
CXI
CXII
CXIII
CXIV
CXV
CXVI
CXVII
CXVIII
CXIX
CXX
CXXI
CXXII
CXXIII
CXXIV
CXXV
CXXVI
CXXVII
CXXVIII
CXXIX
CXXX
CXXXI
CXXXII
CXXXIII
CXXXIV
CXXXV
CXXXVI
CXXXVII
CXXXIII
CXXXIX
CXL
CXLI
CXLII
CXLIII
CXLIV
CXLV
CXLVI
CXLVII
CXLVIII
CXLIX
CL
CLI
CLII
CLIII
CLIV
CLV
CLVI
CLVII
CLVIII
CLIX
CLX
CLXI
CLXII
CLXII1
CLXIV
CLXV
CLXVI
CLXVII
CLXVIII
CLXIX
CLXX
CLXXI
CLXXII
CLXXIII
CLXXIV
CLXXV
CLXXVI
CLXXVII
CXL
CXLI
CXLII
CXLIII
CXLIV
CXLV
CXLVI
CXLVII
CXLVIII
CXLIX
CL
CLI
CLII
CLIII
CLIV
CLV
CLVI
CLVII
CLVIII
CLIX
CLX
CLXI
CLX II
CLXII1
CLXIV
CLXV
CLXVI
CLXVII
CLXVIII
CLXIX
CLXX
CLXXI
CLX XII
CLXXIII
CLXXIV
CLXXV
CLXXVI
CLXXVII

  Indian woman of Florida, with earthen bowl and ears of corn (?).
Use of the earthen pot in boiling. Drawn by John White, of the Roanoke colony, 1585-1588
Earthen vessels used in salt making, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Map showing distribution of aboriginal pottery groups in eastern United States
Series of outlines indicating range of form of vases, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Series of outlines showing various features of vase elaboration, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vases of compound form, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Cups and bowls, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Cups and bowls, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Large bowl, burial casket, and caldron, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Cooking pots, etc., Middle Mississippi Valley group
Large cooking pots, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bottles, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bottles, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bottles, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bottles, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Various forms of bottles, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bottles of eccentric shape, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating shell and gourd forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Bowls imitating bird forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating bird forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating bird forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating fish and batrachian forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating animal forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating animal forms, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating the human form, Middle Mississippi Valley^roup
Vessels imitating the human form, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessel representing the potter at work, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating the human head, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessel imitating the human head, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessel imitating the human head, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vessels imitating the human head, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Tobacco pipes, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Trowels or modeling implements, Middle Mississippi Valley group98
Modeling implements, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Convex surfaces of trowels and modeling implements, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Decorative designs, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Decorative designs, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthen vessels finished in color, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthen vessels finished in color, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthen vessels finished in color, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthen vessels finished in color, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthen vessels finished in color, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Earthenware of Tennessee, Middle Mississippi Valley group
Vases with incised designs, Lower Mississippi Valley group
Vases with incised designs, Lower Mississippi Valley group
Incised designs from vases shown in plates li and mi, Lower Mississippi Valley group
Vases from a mound on Perdido bay, Gulf Coast group
Large bowls with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Vases variously decorated, Gulf Coast group
Vases with engraved figures of birds and serpents, Gulf Coast group
Heads of birds and animals used as vase ornaments, Gulf Coast group
Heads of men and bird used as vase ornaments, Gulf Coast group
Vases with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Vases with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Burial vases with covers, Gulf Coast group
Vessels of large size with incised and relieved ornaments, Gulf Coast group
Bottle with scroll design and tobacco pipes, Gulf Coa»t group
Bowls with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Platters with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Vessels with incised designs, Gulf Coast group
Fragment of vase with duck's head in relief, and vase representing a hunchback human figureLXIX. Vase with engravings of an eagle and an eagle-man mask, Gulf Coast group
Platter and bowls with engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Outlines of vases with engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Bowls and bottles with engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Bowls with relieved and incised decorations representing the frog concept, Gulf Coast group
Bowls with relieved and incised decorations representing the bird concept, Gulf Coast group
Bowl inverted over a skull in burial, Gulf Coast group
Vases with engraved and stamped designs, Gulf Coast group
Vases with engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Group of vases from a Florida mound, Gulf Coast group
Unique bottle with engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Bird-form vases with incised decorations suggesting the origin of many conventional ornaments
Vases with incised and relieved decoration, northwest Florida coast
Vases of exceptional forms, northwest Florida coast
Engraved designs representing the bird concept, Gulf Coast group
Engraved designs representing the frog concept, Gulf Coast group
Engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Engraved designs, Gulf Coast group
Fragments of pottery from shell heaps, Florida peninsula
Pottery with stamp decoration, Florida peninsula
Pottery with stamp decoration, Florida peninsula
Pottery with stamp decoration, Florida peninsula
Pottery with stamp decoration, Florida peninsula
Vases with relieved and engraved designs, Florida peninsula
Fragments of vases with engraved designs, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida 'peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Rude earthenware from graves, Florida peninsula
Large painted vessel with open base, Florida peninsula
Fragments of painted vessel with open base, Florida peninsula
Decorated vases, Tarpon Springs, Florida peninsula
Vases with engraved designs, Tarpon Springs, Florida peninsula
Vases with engraved designs, Tarpon Springs, Florida peninsula
Engraved designs, Tarpon Springs, Florida peninsula
Fragments of decorated ware and compound cup, Florida peninsula
Engraved and painted vases, Tarpon Springs, Florida peninsula
Cluster of vases in sand mound burial, Florida peninsula
Potsherds with ornate stamp designs, Florida peninsula
Potsherds with griddle-like stamp designs, Florida peninsula
Handled cups and various sherds from the west coast, Florida peninsula
Tobacco pipes, Florida peninsula
Burial vases with covers, South Appalachian group
Cherokee stamp-decorated pot and paddle stamps, South Appalachian group
Stamp designs restored from impressions on vases, South Appalachian group
Typical specimens of stamp-decorated ware, South Appalachian group
Large vase decorated with fllfot stamp design, South Appalachian group
Vases decorated with paddle-stamp impressions, South Appalachian group
Vases of varied design and embellishment, South Appalachian group
Engraved designs from vases shown in plates cxvm and exx, South Appalachian group
Bowl with elaborate engraved decorations, South Appalachian group
Large vessels from eastern Georgia, South Appalachian group
Figurines from northwestern Georgia, South Appalachian group
Figurines from northwestern Georgia, South Appalachian group
Tobacco pipes from burial mounds, South Appalachian group
Tobacco pipes from burial mounds, South Appalachian group
 Tobacco pipes from burial mounds, South Appalachian group
Modern pottery of the Catawba and Cherokee Indians, South Appalachian group
Modern tobacco pipes of the Catawba Indians, South Appalachian group
Pottery from burial mounds in North Carolina, South Appalachian group
Kitchen midden pottery with varied markings, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Kitchen midden pottery of the Yadkin valley, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Kitchen midden pottery of the Yadkin valley, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Potsherds with textile markings, New River valley, Virginia, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Potsherds with textile markings from Luray, Virginia, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Incised designs from pottery and tattoo marks, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery of the Pamunkey Indians, Virginia, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from shell heaps at Popes creek, Maryland, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from shell heaps at Popes creek, Maryland, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from shell heaps at Popes creek, Maryland, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from Potomac creek, Virginia, and Anacostia, District of ColumbiaCXLI. Pottery from the vicinity of Washington, District of Columbia, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Tobacco pipes of the Potomac valley, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from a burial place near Komney, West Virginia, Iroquoian group
Pottery from a village site at Bainbridge, Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves, northern Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves, northern Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves in Pennsylvania and New York, Iroquoian group
Vases from the province of Ontario, Canada, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Faces and figures from vases, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Pottery from a village site near Trenton, New Jersey, New England group
Pottery from the Atlantic Coast states, New England group
Pottery from New England, New England group
Vases of Middle Mississippi type, Ohio Valley group
Sherds with incised decorations from a village site at Fort Ancient, Ohio Valley group
Vases from mounds at Madisonville, Ohio Valley group
Vases illustrating textile imprintings, Ohio Valley group
Incised decorations from earthenware, Ohio Valley group
Sherds of stamped and rouletted pottery, Naples, Illinois, Northwestern group
Sherds of stamped and rouletted pottery, Naples, Illinois, Northwestern group
Vases decorated with the roulette, Illinois, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware from Hopewell mounds, Ohio, Northwestern group
Large vase from a village site, Two Rivers, Wisconsin, Northwestern group
Potsherds from a village site, Two Rivers, Wisconsin, Northwestern group
Pottery of the Mandan Indians, Dakota, Northwestern group
Pottery irom the Missouri valley (?), Northwestern group
Pottery from a Pawnee village site, Nebraska, Northwestern group
Pottery from Potomac creek, Virginia, and Anacostia, District of Columbia
Pottery from the vicinity of Washington, District of Columbia, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Tobacco pipes of the Potomac valley, Chesapeake-Potomac group
Pottery from a burial place near Komney, West Virginia, Iroquoian group
Pottery from a village site at Bainbridge, Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves, northern Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves, northern Pennsylvania, Iroquoian group
Vases from graves in Pennsylvania and New York, Iroquoian group
Vases from the province of Ontario, Canada, Iroquoian group
 Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Incised designs from vases, Iroquoian group
Faces and figures from vases, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Earthenware pipes, Iroquoian group
Pottery from a village site near Trenton, New Jersey, New England group
Pottery from the Atlantic Coast states, New England group
Pottery from New England, New England group
Vases of Middle Mississippi type, Ohio Valley group
Sherds with incised decorations from a village site at Fort Ancient, Ohio Valley group
Vases from mounds at Madisonville, Ohio Valley group
Vases illustrating textile imprintings, Ohio Valley group
Incised decorations from earthenware, Ohio Valley group
Sherds of stamped and rouletted pottery, Naples, Illinois, Northwestern group
Sherds of stamped and rouletted pottery, Naples, Illinois, Northwestern group
Vases decorated with the roulette, Illinois, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware, Northwestern group
Examples of roulette-decorated ware from Hopewell mounds, Ohio, Northwestern group
Large vase from a village site, Two Rivers, Wisconsin, Northwestern group
Potsherds from a village site, Two Rivers, Wisconsin, Northwestern group
Pottery of the Mandan Indians, Dakota, Northwestern group
Pottery from the Missouri valley (?), Northwestern group
Pottery from a Pawnee village site, Nebraska, Northwestern group

Illustrations

  1. Indian women using earthen vessels in making cassine (Lafitau)
2. Suspension of the vessel from a tripod (Schoolcraft)
3. Native maple sugar making (Lafitau)
4. Use of earthen vessel as a drum (Potherie)
5. Earthenware rattle, with clay pellets (Thruston)
6. Earthenware trowels and modeling tools
7. Probable manner of using earthenware modeling tools
8. Use of clay in plastering house wall of interlaced canes, Arkansas (Thomas)
!). Rectangular burial casket of earthenware, Tennessee
10. Earthen vessel containing bones of children, Alabama (Moore)
11. Earthen vessel inverted over a skull for protection, Georgia (Moore)
12. Earthenware burial urn and bowl cover, Georgia
13. Earthenware burial urn with cover, Georgia (Moore)
14. Earthenware burial urn with bowl cover and other vessels, Alabama (Moore)
15. Earthenware burial urn with bowl cover, Alabama (Moore)
16. Mortuary vases imitating the dead face, middle Mississippi valley
17. Toy-like vessels used as funeral offerings, Florida (Moore)
18. Toy-like funeral offerings imitating vegetal forms, Florida (Moore)
19. Toy-like funeral offerings imitating animal forms, Florida (Moore)
20. Toy-like figurine representing babe in cradle, Tennessee (Thruston)
21. Small image of a turtle, Tennessee
22. Small earthenware figures suggesting ancient Mexican work, Georgia
23. Earthenware heads of Mexican type, Georgia
24. Earthenware beads and pendants
25. Ear plugs of earthenware, Mississippi valley
26. Labrets of earthenware, Mississippi valley
27. Pottery disks, probably used in playing some game
28. Spool-shaped articles of clay
29. Range in form of tobacco pipes
30. Use of the coil in vessel building
31. Use of a basket in modeling an earthen vessel (Cushing)
32. Use of a basket as a mold for the base of an earthen vessel (Cushing)
33. Vase showing impressions resulting from the use of pliable fabrics in wrapping and sustaining the vessel while plastic
34. Fragment of salt vessel, with cast in clay, showing kind of fabric used in modeling vessels
35. Fragment of cooking pot showing impressions of a net-covered paddle, North Carolina
36. Bowl from a North Carolina mound, showing impressions of a cord-wrapped malleating tool
37. Bowl made by the author. The surface finished with the cord-wrapped paddle shown in figure 38
38. Cherokee potter's paddle wrapped with cord and used in malleating the bowl shown in figure 37
39. Potsherd showing effect produced by rocking a cord-wrapped implement back and  forth
40. a, A cylindric modeling tool wrapped with cord (restored); b, a notched wheel or roulette (restored); c, a vessel made by the author; surface finished with a cord-wrapped implement and decorated with the roulette
41. Potsherds showing simple method of applying cords in decorating vases
42. Small pot with finger-nail markings giving the effect of basket impressions
43. The roulette (restored) inked and rocked on a sheet of paper
44. Potsherds illustrating markings produced by the notched wheel
45. Potsherds with stamped markings giving textile-like effects
46. Modeling paddles with faces carved to imitate textile patterns
47. Potsherd showing textile-like effect of finishing with engraved paddles
48. Incised designs of textile character
49. Bottle decorated with serpent designs, Arkansas
50. Winged serpents and sun symbols from the vase illustrated in figure 49
51. Bottle ornamented with four engraved human figures, Arkansas
52. Bowl made by Choctaw Indians about 1860
53. Fragment of vessel with stamped design, Ohoctawhatchee bay, Florida
54. Bowl with thick collar, Tampa bay
55. Sections of thick-rimmed bowls, Early county, Georgia
56. Bowl from Mobile district, with patterns in color
57. Restoration of forms of fiber-tempered midden ware, St Johns river, Florida
58. Fragments of midden-ware bowls with incised scroll decoration, St Johns river, Florida
59. Spanish olive jars, Florida
60. Small disks cut from sherds
61. Rude earthenware figurine, Potomac valley
62. Bark vessel showing characters sometimes copied in clay
63. Fragments of decorated vase-rims from the Mohawk valley
64. Vase from a grave (?) in Colchester, Vermont
65. Fragment of vase-rim with rudely modeled human figure, New York
66. Vessel with animal-shaped handles, Tennessee
67. Vessel with arched handle, Tennessee
68. Shoe-shaped vessel, Tennessee
69. Shoe-shaped vessel, Tennessee
70. Two-handled cup with rows of encircling nodes, Tennessee
71. Stamps used in decorating vessels (restored)
72. Use of the roulette or rocking notched wheel
73. Vase made for trial of roulette, and cord-wrapped modeling tool
74. Vases from a mound near Laporte, Indiana (Foster)
75. Vase with conventionalized bird design
76. Sections of rims of vases from a village site at Two Rivers, Wisconsin
77. Fragments of a large vase from Lake Nipigon, Ontario
78. Outlines of vases from a Pawnee village site, Nebraska
79. Fragment of a clay pipe from a Pawnee(?) village site, Nebraska