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Earthenware of the New York Aborigines

William M. Beauchamp

Reprint of the 1898 first edition of the Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 5, Number 22

 Gustav's Library Vintage Reprint


The archaeology of New York has always been of interest to me especially after acquiring some Woodland Period pottery sherds from the Arrowhead Region of Northeastern Minnesota. 

Concerning the distribution of these Woodland pottery types in Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Manitoba, Beauchamp quoted William H. Holmes in his Ancient pottery of the Mississippi valley (another of our Archaeology titles click here).

"In his paper on Ancient pottery of the Mississippi valley, Mr W. H. Holmes easily distinguished three great groups in the region lying around that river, with earthenware differing in form and ornaments. In speaking of these groups he said, 'The ware of the north is wholly distinct, and need never be confounded with the other groups.' In that valley he placed this group from Iowa inclusive, northward. He said also, and our experience confirms this, that the pottery of Manitoba 'has decided relationships with the ware of the eastern and northeastern states.' The nations in this northern group made a dark paste, tempered with sand, often granitic, and the forms were simple, the ornaments being unlike those of the south. This ornamentation 'consists of cord impressions, incised lines, and implement indentations, arranged in figures peculiar to the district.' This is so marked as to suggest a community of origin. In the paper mentioned, a vessel from Wisconsin is like frequent forms in New York. Pottery found in Pennsylvania and New Jersey has similar forms and ornaments of the simpler kinds, and this is true of a few examples farther south."

The many illustrations in this work  represent many of these pottery artifacts that have such a wide distribution across the Northern United States and Canada.

This 6-1/2" x 9", 107 page soft cover book contains 75 pages of text and 32 full page plates illustrating 245 pottery artifacts.   $12.95  


Sample  Plates - click on image to enlarge



Earthenware of the New York aborigines
Clay tobacco pipes