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Contributions to the Archaeology of the
Illinois River Valley
Frank C. Baker, James B. Griffin, Richard G.
Morgan, Georg K. Neumann, Jay L. B. Taylor
Edited by James B. Griffin and Richard G.
2010 Reprint Edition
A look at the archaeology of the Illjinois River
Valley dedicated to Warren K. Moorehead.
This publication also includes the ethnozoology of
the prehistoric Indians of Illinois and a section on
Hagan Mound Crania.
ILLINOIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION OF
THE LOWER ILLINOIS VALLEY - SCOPE OF
In March, 1928, work
on the Illinois River, which had been
discontinued in 1927 due to bad weather,
was resumed at Chautauqua Park, north of
Havana, Illinois. Not all of the mounds
at this site had been explored in 1927,
so the completion of this exploration
was the first task.
After the conclusion of the work at
Chautauqua Park the survey explored down
the Illinois River as follows: the
Chandler Mound, immediately north of the
park; the Ermeling Mounds, just below
Havana; the Sepo Mounds, about midway
between Havana and Lewis-town ; the
Kramer Mounds, a half mile above
Snicarte; the Snicarte village site; the
mounds on Knapp's Island; the Hagan
Mounds at Browning; the Rose Mounds at
Bluff City; the Rebmon Mounds at
Frederick ; the Hilderbrand and Lewis
Mounds at Meredosia; the Abbott, Mayes,
Chambers and Castle Mounds at Naples;
and the Kamp, Brangenberg and Retzer
Mounds at Kampsville where the survey
closed on October 1, 1928.
This 8.25" x 10-1/2", 211 page, soft cover, facsimile reprint
illustrated with 4 text
figures, 16 tables and 68 full-page plates. $19.95
PART I: University of Illinois
Archaeological Exploration of the Lower
Scope of Territory Covered
Examination of Havana Mound Group
Snicarte Village Site
Hagan Mound Group
Rose Mound Group
Naples Mound Group
Kamp Mound Group
Brangenberg Mound Group
Mounds near Utica
PART II: A Study in Ethnozoology of the
Prehistoric Indians of Illinois—by F. C.
Indian Sites from which Animal Remains have
Systematic Discussion of Species
Adventitious Animal Remains
Tables of Distribution
PART III: Hagan Mound Crania—by G. K.
1. Norma frontalis of a skull of the Spoon
2. Norma lateralis of a skull of the Spoon
3. Norma frontalis of a skull of the Maple
4. Norma lateralis of a skull of the Maples
1. Surface treatment and decoration on
sherds from the Havana and Abbott Mound
2. Hagan Mound burials
3. Pottery from the Hagan Mound
4. Burials from Rose Mound No. 13
5. Pottery from Rose Mound No. 13
6. Burials from Rose Mound No. 19
7. Distribution of mussels in Plum Island
8. Distribution of land and freshwater
snails in Plum Island pits
9. Distribution of river mussels among
Indian sites in Illinois
10. Distribution of land, marine, and
freshwater mollusca in Indian sites of
11. Distribution of fish and turtles among
Indian sites of Illinois
12. Distribution of birds among Indian sites
13. Distribution of mammals among the Indian
sites of Illinois
14. Measurements of adult male crania from
the Hagan Mound
15. Indices of adult male crania from the
16. Comparison of means of the pooled
Woodland and pooled Middle Mississippi
1. The Havana Mound Group. 1, The largest
mound. 2, Mound No. 11 after filling in the
excavation trenches. 3, Portion of the cache of flint disks
and their jars in situ in Mound
2. Flint implements from the Havana group.
3. Flint disks, representative of the 137
found in Mound No. 6.
4. Stone implements and ornaments, shell
beads and a copper headplate from the Havana
5. Copper axes from the Havana Group.
6. Bone implements from the Havana Group.
7. Bear canine teeth ornaments and cut human
and dog mandibles from Havana Mound No. 6.
8. Partially reconstructed vessels from
Mound No. 6 of the Havana group.
1, Vessel A. 2, Vessel B.
9. Two jars from Havana Mound No. 6.
1, Vessel C. 2,Vessel D.
10. Two vessels from Havana Mound No. 6.
1, Vessel li.2, Vessel F.
11. A fragmentary and whole vessel from
Havana Mound No. 6.
1, Portion of a small vessel. 2, Flat bottom jar
12. Sherds from Havana Mound No. 6.
13. Two large sherds from Havana Mound No.
14. Cord-marked sherds from Havana Mound No.
15. Decorated rim and body sherds from
Havana Mound No. 6.
16. Decorated rim and body sherds from
Havana Mound No. 6.
17. Stamped and punctated sherds from Havana
Mound No. 6.
18. Sherds from Havana Mound No. 2.
19. Sherds from Havana Mounds Nos. 1, 7 and
20. Hagan Mound No. 1.
1, Mound before excavation. 2,Adult female
burial. 3, Adult male in a loosely flexed
21. Burial types at the Hagan site.
22. Burial positions at the Hagan site.
23. Sherds from the Hagan Mound.
24. Sherds from village site at Snicarte
25. The Rose Mound Group.
1, The first three mounds of the Rose Group. 2 and 3,
Two extended male burials.
26. Artifacts and burials in Rose Mound No.
27. Artifacts and burials in Rose Mound No.
28. Flexed adult burials in Rose Mound No.
29. Artifacts from the Rose Mound Group.
30. Four Spoon River Focus vessels from Rose
Mound No. 13.
31. Three Spoon River Focus vessels and one
small Woodland jar from Rose Mound 13.
32. Pottery fragments from the Hilderbrand
33. Crematory basin in the Castle Mound No.
34. Artifacts from the Abbott Mound Group.
35. Sherds from the Castle and Abbott
36. Sherds from Abbott Mound No. 1.
37. Sherds from the Naples Group in the U.
S. National Museum.
38. Views of the excavations at the Abbott
and Kamp Groups.
39. Sherds from the Kamp Mound Group.
40. Artifacts from the Kamp and Brangenberg
41. Brangenberg Mound No. 1.
42. Brangenberg Mounds Nos. 2 and 3 during
43. Artifacts in situ in Brangenburg Mound
44. Partially reconstructed Naples Stamped
jar from Brangenberg Mound No. 1.
45. Gourd-shaped vessel from Brangenberg
Mound No. 2.
46. Vessels 4 and 9 from Brangenberg Mound
47. Vessels 2 and 3 from Brangenberg Mound
48. Vessel 8 from Brangenberg Mound No. 2.
49. Vessels 5 and 7 from Brangenberg Mound
50. Vessels 1 and 2 from Brangenberg Mound
51. Vessels 3 and 4 from Brangenberg Mound
52. Vessels 5 and 6 from Brangenberg Mound
53. A late Woodland vessel and a Hopewell
Zoned Stamped flat bottomed jar from Utica
No. 1, Group 1.
54. A large Naples Stamped jar and a small
punctated vessel from Utica Mound No. 1,
55. Two vessels from Utica Mound No. 6,
56. A complete jar from Utica Mound No. 7,
Group 1 and a large Naples Stamped sherd
Utica Mound No. 1, Group 2.
57. Two zoned stamped vessels from Utica
Mound 8, Group 2.
58. Cross-section drawings of Hopewellian
59. Shell artifacts from the Powell Mounds.
60. Bone beads and shell ornaments from the
61. Land snails from the Plum Island site.
62. Molluscan implements from various sites.
63. Molluscan implements and ornaments from
the Rose Mound Group.
64. Two mussel bivalve spoons and three
marine gastropods from various mounds.
65. River snail shell beads from the Hagan
66. A large marine gastropod from Calhoun
67. A large marine gastropod from Mound No.
11, Havana Group.
68. Front and side view of a calvarium of an
undeformed male from the Hagan Mound.