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A Prehistoric Rock Shelter in Val Verde County, Texas

University of Texas Bulletin - Anthropological Papers Volume 1, Number 3

J. T. Pearce and A. T. Jackson - 1933

 Gustav's Library Vintage Reprint

Another excellent work from the University of Texas concerning the rock shelters of Seminole Canyon.  Due to the nature of the dry shelter, many organic remains were preserved giving a valuable insight into the lives of the prehistoric occupants.

"Seminole Canyon, which flows into the Rio Grande, is located a few miles east of the Pecos River in Val Verde County, Texas. This canyon is cut into the hard Edwards limestone, and its confining walls constitute, here and there, steep overhanging cliffs which easily pass into deep rock shelters. A considerable portion of the canyon south of State Highway No. 3 (U. S. No. 90) is so characterized. In the cliffs of the canyon's east side there are three rock shelters; in the cliffs forming the west bank are five between the highway bridge and the Rio Grande, a distance of some three miles. Several burnt rock mounds are located along the course of the canyon on the talus within the bluffs."

This 7" x 10", 143 page, soft cover, facsimile reprint is illustrated with 3 maps, 27 plates and 33 figures. $14.95

   

Basket Fragments Fire Starting Kit Sandal Frames Snail Shell Necklace Original Grass String

Painted Pebbles

Mano wrapped in netting

Wrapped Stones

Wrapped Bones
Sample  Plates - click on image to enlarge

LIST OF MAPS

I
II
III
  Tentative Culture Areas of Texas
Sketch Map, Seminole Canyon
Fate Bell Shelter, Seminole Canyon

LIST OF PLATES
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII
XXIII
XXIV
XXV
XXVI
XXVII
  View of the Rock Shelter
Interior of the Shelter before Beginning Work
Pictographs on Sbeller Wall
Pictographs on Shelter Wall
Cross Section of the Trench
A Surface Boulder Polished and Grooved
Three Mortar Holes in Bedrock
Engraved Shells
Rabbit Stick and Wooden Shovel
Flint Knives and Awls with Corner-tangs
Shaped Clay-like Object and Bar of Limonite
Types of Projectile Points
Painted Pebbles
Painted Pebbles
Painted Pebbles
Fiber-cord Net Wrapped around a Mano
Net Techniques
Sandal Frames showing First Stages in Manufacture
Yucca Sandals showing Use of Reinforcing Strands
Types of Sandal Frames
Yucca Sandals showing Tie Strings
Tie String and Reinforcing Techniques
Fragmentary Mat and Bands
Various Mat and Basket Weaving Techniques
Basket Fragments
Basket of Coiled Ware, Interlocking Stitch
Bone and Shell Beads

LIST OF FIGURES

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33.
  Shallow pits worn in surface of rock
Pictograph: dancing figure
Pictograph: perhaps an insect
Necklace of twenty-one snail shell beads
Dust cloud from trench
Large metate bearing seven pits
Small metate resting on three manos
Cross section of trench
Abrading or sharpening stone
Quids from chewing fibrous stalk
Plants used by inhabitants of shelter
Problematical bone implements
Bone awls found in debris of upper level
Burial L-3 partly uncovered
Flint ax chipped to a sharp cutting edge
A mano encased in cord net
Flint scrapers of side scraper type
Flint knife blades common in shelter
Fragments of cordage
Skin-wrapped cords
Fragment of a grass net
Fragments of basket bottoms
Basket fragments
Skin fragments
Bones wrapped and tied with yucca leaf and grass
Small stones wrapped and tied with grass
Hinged mussel shells with drilled holes
Sticks with tenon-like ends
Atlatl foreshafts
Nock ends of arrowshafts of reed and wood
Probable wooden foreshafts
Wooden awl-like implements
Fire-making implements