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Wampum and Shell Articles

Used by the New York Indians

William M. Beauchamp

 Gustav's Library Vintage Reprint

Rarest volume of the Beauchamp series on New York Archaeology. Everything you ever wanted to know about wampum and shell articles.

Beauchamp on Shell

The aborigines of the Pacific states had the Denta1ium for money and ornament, but used the iridescent Ha1iotis to a great extent. The Indians of the plains depended mainly on the eastern coast for what they used. A few northern shells were available, but the material for a large proportion of New York articles came from the south Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico. These were most in use in the historic period. Few from the southern coast which are over 300 years old have been found here. Except as beads, shells were little used as ornaments in New York before that time. Yet this state was celebrated for the abundance of its wampum 250 years ago, partly from the stimulus given to its manufacture by the whites, and partly from the numbers and large size of one mollusk, by which it was supplied.

This 6-1/2" x 9-1/2", 218 page, soft cover, facsimile reprint is illustrated with 28 full page plates. $16.95

   

Wampum Belts and Shell Quahog Shell the Raw Material for Wampum Iroquois Chiefs Reading Belts

Shell Articles

 

Sample Plates (click image to enlarge)

CONTENTS

  List of authorities on wampum
Making wampum
Early shell beads
Council wampum
Abundance of wampum
Wampum as money
Ornament
Discoid beads
Massive beads
Long beads
Runtees
Other articles
    Pendants
    Rings
    Masks
    Pins
    Knives
    Gorgets
    Miscellaneous
    Wampum-keepers
Belts
Belts {continued)
    Making
    Reading
    Lettered
    Emblematic
    Underground
    Disposition
    Recent
    Acts with
    Attachments
Abundance
Uses of wampum
Glass beads
Condolence
Lack of wampum
Color of wampum
Tribute
Atonement
Food and burial
Explanation of plates
Index